Gayatri Mantra

Gayatri Mantra or Gayathri Mantra

Gayatri Yantra

Gāyatrī is considered the veda mata. Gayatri is a Culmination (combination) of Lakshmi, Saraswathi and Parvati Devi. The Gāyatrī Mantra is an ultimate and  highly revered mantra of Hindus which is derived from Rigveda (3.63.10), attibuted to Maharishi Viśvāmitra. It is praised in almost all vedic and Hindu religious texts.

The famous Gayathri Mantra is the only mantra which is not a Prayoga Mantra. It is being chant for the well being and cannot be used for any other purpose.

During upanayanam, it is being ordered to chant the Gayathri Mantra atleast 108 times a day. (But 1008 times chanting of gayathri is the best)

Gayatri mantra upadesam usually done on Upanayanam day for Brahmins. Only during this upadesam mother (female) is allowed. (No other mantras generally not taught to females earlier).

Hindu reform movements spread the practice of the mantra to include women and all castes and not gayatri mantra is used by all.

Gayathri Mantra in various Indian Languages. (kindly let me know if it is wrong)

Gayathri Mantra in English Gayathri Mantra in Sanskrit Gayathri Mantra in Hindi
om bhūr bhuvah svah ॐ भूर्भुवः॒ स्वः॒
ॐ भूर्भुवः स्वः
tát savitúr várenyam तत्स॑वितुर्वरे॑ण्यम् तत्सवितुर्वरेण्यं
bhárgo devásya dhīmahi भ॒र्गो॑ दे॒वस्य॑ धीमहि। भर्गो देवस्यः धीमहि
dhíyo yó nah pracodáyāt धियो॒ यो नः॑ प्रचो॒दया॑त्॥ धियो यो नः प्रचोदयात्
Gayathri Mantra in Tamil Gayathri Mantra in Marathi Gayathri Mantra in Gujarati
ஓம் பூர்  புவஹ் ஸ்வாஹ் ॐ भूर्भूवः स्वः  ૐ – પ્રાથમિક ધ્વનિ, ઈશ્વર
தத் சவிதூர் வரேணியம் तत्सवितुर्वरेण्यं  ભૂ: – પદાર્થ અને ઊર્જા
பர்கோ தேவஸ்ய தீமஹி   भर्गो देवस्य धीमहि  ભુવ: – અંતરિક્ષ
தியோ  யோந    ப்ரசோதயாத்  धीयो यो नः प्रचोदयात्। સ્વ: – આત્મા

 Gayatri mantra consists of 24 syllables starting from “Tat savitur… prachodayat”. The first sentence, bhur Bhuvah Svah is known as Mahavyahriti (Great Utterence) and the OM is prefixed as prescribed in Taittriya Aranyaka for all the mantras.

Gayatri Mantra – Akshara – Meaning – Rishi – Chandas – Devatha – Tatvam –
Sakthi – Mudra – Colour – Nyasam – Dyanam – Benefit
  Akshara-Meaning Rishi Chandas Devatha Tatvam Sakthi Mudra* Colour Nyasam Dyanam Benefit
1  ‘tat’ – tapini – fruitfulness Vamadeva Gayatri Agni Earth Vama devi Sumukam Shan bagam Thumb (legs) Trimurthi Remove Curse
2  ‘sa’ – saphaltaa – valor Atri Ushnik Praja pathi Water Priya Samputam Black Both wrist Black Remove punishment
3  ‘vi’ – vishwa – perseverance Vashista Anushtup Sowmya Thejas Sathya Vithatham Coral Red Both Knees Pingala Remove papas
4  ‘tur’ – tushti – welfare Sukra Bruhat Esana Vayu Vishwa Visthrutham Spatikam Below Knees Indra Neela Remove diseases
5  ‘va’ – varad – yoga Kanvar Pankti Savitra Akasa Bathra vilasani Dvi mukham Lotus Both Thighs Agni Remove Garbha Hathi Dosha
6  ‘re’ – revatee – love parasarar Thristub Aditya Kantham Prabha vathi Tri mukham Raising Sun Kuhyam Spatika Removes effects of praying of ill gods
7  ‘nya’ – sookshm – wealth Viswamitra Jagati Bharhas bhatya Rasam Jaya Chatur mukham Conch Bejam Lightning Wrongdoing to Guru vanish
8  ‘m’ – gyaan – luster Kapila Athi Jagati maithra  varuna Roopam Shantha Pancha mukham Lotus Leaves Hip Nakshatra Removes Purusha Hathi Dosh (cheating of husband)
9  ‘bhar’ – bharga – protection Sownaga Sukvari Pasu Sparsam Kantha Shan mukham Padma ragam (Burmese Rubi) Navel neela megam Removes Brahma Hathi dosha 
10  ‘go’ – gomatee – wisdom Yagna Valkya Athi Sukvari Aryama Sound Durga Atho mukham Indra Neelam Stomach Red Removes doshas
11  ‘de’ – devikaa – subjugation Bharathwaj Trithi: Ganesa Vak Saras wathi vyapakag nalikam Pearl Both Dhanams Emerald Removes curse by Females
12  ‘va’ – varahi – allegiance Jamadagni Athi Trithi: Dwasta Hand Vithruma Shakta  mukham Kumkum Right Chest White Removes curse by teachers
13  ‘sya’ – sinhanee – determination Gowthama Vrat Yousha Upastam Visala yama paasham Black Left Chest Yellow Removes Papas
14  ‘dhi’ – dhyaan – life Muthkala Parasthara Indragni Anus Esha grathi tham Red Neck Sandal Remove papa to parents
15  ‘ma’ – maryaadaa – time Vyasa Pankti Vayu Leg Vyapini summukon mukham Vaiduryam (Cat’s Eye) Face Padma ragam (Burmese Rubi) Removes Dosha from Purva Janma (earlier generations)
16  ‘hi’ – sphutaa – penance Lhomasa Kruthi: Vama deva Ears Vimala Vilambham Honey Both Cheeks Conch Removes all papas
17  ‘dhi’ – medhaa – forecast Agastya Prakruthi: Maitra varuna Skin Thamo harini mushtikam Turmeric Nose White Removes papa due to ill treatment to animals
18  ‘yo’ – yogamaayaa – alertness Kousika Akruthi: Viswe deva Eye Sushma Matsaya ham Milk Both Eyes Red removes papa of getting Dhaan
19  ‘yo’ – yoginee – production Vathsa Vikruthi: Mathruka Tongue Visva yoni Koormam Surya Gandhi (Sunflower) Eye brows Golden Removes all papas
20  ‘nah’ – dhanin – protection Pulasthya Sankruthi: Vishnu Nose Jayavasa Varaham Green fore head Rising Sun Can go to Heaven
21  ‘pra’ – prabhaav – idealism Mandooka Akshara Pankthi Vasu Mind Padmalaya Simha kraantham Lotus Mouth Neeloth bhavam Can go to Brahama loka
22  ‘cho’ – ooshmaa – adventure Durvasa Pu Ruthra Ahang kara Parashoba maha kraantham Thazhambu (Screw Pine) Leftside of mouth Korosanai Can go to Vishnu loka
23  ‘da’ – drishya – discrimination Naratha Bhuv: Kubera Mahat Satva Rajas Bhatra mudh garam Jasmine rightside of mouth Conch Can go to shiva loka
24   ‘at’ – niranjan – service Kasyapa Jyotish Aswathi Tamas Triyata pallavam Arali (Oleander) Head Brahma Can see trimurthi
* * Mudhrapradarshanam:
Sumukham samputam chaiva  Vithatham visthrutham thatha  Dvimukham thrimukham
chaiva  Chatuhu panchamukham  Punmukho dhomukham vyapakagnalikam  Shakatam
yamapaasham cha grathitham cha summukonmukham  Pralamrum mushtikam mathsyaha
kurmo varaahakam  Simhakraantham mahakraantham mudhgaram pallavam tatha 
Chaturvim shati mudra vai gayatriam supratishtiya  Bhoo devasya sasmakam
dhiyo dharmadi gocharaha preren tasya yad bhargasya tad varenyanam upasmaye 
Gurur brahma gurur vishnuhu gururdevo maheshwaraha gurur saakshaad
parambramha thasmysri gurave namaha  

 

 

 

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எத்தனை முறை காயத்ரி ஜபம் செய்ய வேண்டும்

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One thought on “Gayatri Mantra

  1. Never saw ..such an beautiful explanation on Gayatri..very well segragated and with great clarity and ease..
    Thank you for this.

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